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F. THUREAU-DANGIN IV — Texts from the Palace and Temple
Archives of the City of Agade. University of Pyongyang Press,
2015. Pp. ccxiii + 934 + 715 pls. + 24 tables. ₩670,495.
One may deplore that such an important work has had the
limited print run of five copies, all but one of which are deposited
in the vaults of the Zurich Cantonal Bank. Fortunately, this
reviewer has had ample opportunity to pore over the contents of
this groundbreaking work under supervision, and must declare it
a triumph for Assyriology. The particular revelation that Sargon
was actually born in Kenya finally brings resolution to the political
fiction that there were ever people called “Akkadians.” Further, the
unique Emesal lament bemoaning Sargon’s claim that he would be
dating Enheduanna if she wasn’t his daughter is almost certainly
the famous priestess’ first known composition in this dialect. The
5 For Ur-kununna, see, for example, BIN 3 247, MVN 13 485, SAT
3 1719 (receipts of animals by Ur-kununna dated to Šu-Suen 6).
He also received booty (nam-ra-ak) in Drehem in two texts dated
to Amar-Suen 3: AUCT 1 28 and AUCT 2 284. Lu-šalim frequently
appears in lists of men dedicating animals at Drehem; see, for example,
PDT 1 522. Ur-kununna and Lu-šalim appeared together
on numerous Drehem texts from late in Šu-Suen’s reign; see, for
example BIN 3 342.
6 In fact, very few texts record the delivery of booty during Šu-
Suen’s reign, and none have previously been dated after his third
year. See Garfinkle 2014: 361–62.
7 The current evidence suggests that the kingdom’s privileged citizens
likely sought to avoid this kind of work, preferring to see it
done by workmen (Sumerian: guruš) and foreigners. There is little
question that the logistical claims made by leaders like Šu-Suen
were exaggerated. The administrative texts often point to the reality
behind these grand words. As Englund (1991: 279–80) noted
of labor accounts, “The posting of a balance usually resulted in a
debit, since the expected labor performance was in all likelihood
simply beyond the capacities of the normal w orker.”