Second Temple Sectarianism (332 BC-c. 70 AD)


  1. From Text to Tradition
    1. Apocalyptics and Ascetics
  2. Historical surveys
    1. Lee I. Levine. “The Age of Hellenism: Alexander the Great and the Rise and Fall of the Hasmonean Kingdom.” Part V
    2. Shaye Cohen. “Roman Domination: The Jewish Revolt and the Destruction of the Second Temple.”
    3. Louis H. Feldman. “Palestinian and Diaspora Judaism in the First Century.” Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism: a Parallel History of their Origins and Early Development. Ed. Hershal Shanks. Washington D.C.: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1993.
  3. Primary sources
    1. Josephus, Antiquities XVIII, 18-22: The Doctrine of the Essenes
    2. Josephus, War II, 119-61: The Life of the Essenes
    3. Pliny, Natural History V, xv: The Solitary Essenes
    4. Philo, Every Good Man is Free XII, 75-87: Description of the Essenes
    5. Rule of the Community I-VII: The Teaching and Structure of the Dead Sea Sect (Garcia Martinez)
    6. Damascus Document I-XII: The History and Self-image of the Dead Sea Sectarians (Garcia Martinez)
  4. Secondary sources
    1. Frank Moore Cross. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the People Who Wrote Them.” Biblical Archaeology Review 3, 1 (1977).