The emphasis on Christian themes are noticeably absent in this Qumran Apocalypse. You should note that the message to the seven churches is missing. This would indicate that it was written prior to John the Baptist meeting Jesus. The Ebyon (Jewish) believers that followed John the Baptist were separate from those who followed Paul.

Peter and James the leaders of the Jerusalem fellowship comprised of the Ebyon Jewish followers of John the Baptist help that Paul had turned his back on the Torah and had for all intents and purposes become a Gentile (those who were related to the Jews within the land but separated buy culture and understanding of the Law of God). It was these factors as well as many more that caused the Ebyon believers to label Paul as "The Liar". Paul recognized his kerygma (message) of inclusiveness and the ecclesiocentric nature and character of his message would be not only hard to understand as Peter said: And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction (2 Peter 3:15-16)

Paul agreed with James and Peter that they wold minister to the Jews and he would go to the Romans, Greeks and others outside of Judea. Therefore at this interchange of ministries the message would change.

The spiritual gifts that were given as signs to Israel were beginning to wane and fade as a new age, ministry and message was approaching.


Some modern scholars and many followers of a more liberal persuasion wold continue to hold that only seven book were written by Paul and that they doubt that the books of Ephesians and Colossians were not written by Paul because the author gives a message that was never spoken of before, a secret in ages past, but now is revealed to man. (Ephesians 3:1-13)

In the epistles of Paul, he preferred the term brothers (Adelphoi). And though the masculine noun was used generically for the whole Brotherhood, Paul addresses specific women followers of Jesus as Sister (Adelphe)- the wives of Peter and the Lord’s brothers, for instance (1 Cor 9:5) or Phoebe (Rom 16:1). Other terms Paul used were The Holy (Hagioi or Hegiasmenoi) [Rom. 12;13]. Those in Messiah [Hoi en Christo [i]. The Called (Kletoi ). Housefellows (Oikeioi ). Those of the Path (Hoi tes Hodou ) There were so many terms precisely because Christian had not yet been accepted to absorb them yet. The name was used derision by outsiders. In Scripture the disciples never called themselves by that name. Believers refused to be called Christian for over 130 years,

The evidence of the author of Revelation all indicates that it was probably John the Baptist and was first written down by his followers who expanded as it was passed from one group to another.

The author of Revelation would not have recognized that humble son of a carpenter as the "coming one" in Revelation. Undoubtedly John was surprised when the Spirit descended upon him at his Baptism. The voice of God convinced John that Jesus was the Son of God and the Lamb that would take away the sins of the world.. But the Baptist must have been astonished at the peaceful conduct and presentation of a loving and forgiving Father/God. This certainly would help to explain why after imprisoned by Herod, John would send his disciples to ask Jesus "Are you the Coming One , or should we look for another?" (Matt. 11:3 ).

The Revelation certainly shows that it could have been a composite work from the "Followers of John" the Ebyons or Nazarenes who represented a primitive form of Christianity and inherited the Baptist’s apocalyptic and heated tendencies. It has been suggested that the gospels themselves presuppose the existence of a Baptist community in competition with the young and forming church (Kasemann: Essays on New Testament themes. And it was the task of the authors of the Gospels of John and Mark to modify this heated theology in comparison and contrasting with the "Gospel of Christ" For this reason we conclude that the book of Revelation may be assigned to the period prior to the writing of the First Gospel. And in the opinion of some the Book of Revelation with its obviously early dating could be considered the "First Gospel".