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Two Genealogies of Messiah
Category: Teaching Topics

A parent is not a person to lean on, but a person to make leaning unnecessary.


There are two genealogies given of YesHUA, one in the Book of Matthew and one in Luke, both are different from each other.  This is a favorite point of attack on the HOLY SCRIPTURES by those who deny its divine origin and inerrancy and a puzzle to others.  However, the answer is very simple:


The genealogy given in Matthew is the genealogy of Joseph, the acknowledged father of YesHUA, HIS father in the eyes of the Law.  The genealogy given in Luke is the genealogy of Miryam (Mary), YesHUA’s mother and is the "human" genealogy of Jesus in actual fact.  The GOSPEL of Matthew was written for the Jews.  All through it, Joseph is prominent, Miryam is scarcely mentioned.  In Luke, quite the opposite, Miryam is the most important person in the whole account of the SAVIOR'S conception and birth.  Joseph is brought in only incidentally and because he was Miryam’s husband.  In this, there is great significance.


In the Book of Matthew, YesHuA is shown as the MESSIAH, the KING.  In Luke, Jesus appears as the SON OF MAN, our KINSMAN & REDEEMER.  So in Matthew the genealogy descends from Abraham to Joseph and Jesus, because all the predictions and promises touching the MESSIAH are fulfilled in HIM.  But in Luke, the genealogy ascends from JESUS to Adam, because the genealogy is being traced back to the head of the whole human race and shows the relation of the SECOND ADAM (MESSIAH YESHUA) to the first.


Joseph’s lineage in Matthew is the strictly royal line from David to Joseph.  In Luke, though the line of descent is from David, it is not the royal line.  In this, JESUS is descended from King David through Nathan, David's son, but not in the royal line and the list follows a line quite distinct from the royal line.


The LORD JESUS, according to prophecy, was to be the actual SON OF DAVID according to the flesh. [2 Samuel/Shemuel Bet 7. 12–19; Psalms/Tehillym 89. 3–4; 34 thru 37; 132. 11; Acts 2. 30; 13. 22–23; Romans 1. 3; 2 Timothy 2. 8]  These prophecies are fulfilled by YesHuA being the SON of Miryam (Mary), WHO was a lineal descendant of David, though not in the royal line.  Joseph, who was of the royal line, was not JESUS' father according to the flesh, but was HIS father in the eyes of the Law.


Miryam (Mary) was a descendant of David through her father, Heli.  It is true that Luke 3:23 says that Joseph was the son of Heli — the explanation here being that Miryam, being a woman, her name according to Jewish usage, could not appear in the genealogy, males alone forming the line; so Joseph’s name is introduced in the place of Miryam’s since he was her husband.  Heli was his father-in-law, and so Joseph is called the "son of Heli" and the line thus completed.  While Joseph was the son-in-law of Heli, according to the flesh, he was in actual fact the son of Jacob. [Matthew 1. 16]


Two genealogies are absolutely necessary to trace the lineage of our LORD & SAVIOR YESHUA ha’MASHIACH.  One, the royal and legal; the other the natural and literal.   We find these two genealogies, the "legal & royal" in Matthew, the GOSPEL OF LAW & KINGSHIP; and the "natural & literal" in Luke, the GOSPEL of humanity.


Jeremiah tells us that no descendant of Jeconiah would ever sit on the throne of David.  "Thus said the LORD Record this man as without succession, one who shall never be found acceptable; for none of his offspring shall be accepted to sit on the Throne of David and to rule anymore in Judah." [Jeremiah (Yirmeyah) 22. 30 Tanakh, Nevi’im]  Since Joseph was of this lineage, and while his genealogy furnishes the royal line for JESUS, his son before the Law, nevertheless — Jeremiah’s prophecy is fulfilled to the very letter; for YESHUA (precisely speaking) was not Joseph’s descendant and therefore was not of the "seed of Jeconiah."  If YESHUA had been the son of Joseph in reality, HE could not have come to the throne, but HE is Miryam’s SON (by the HOLY SPIRIT OF GOD) through Nathan and can come to the Throne legally by her marrying Joseph and so providing JESUS' way legally to it.


Study the two genealogies of the LORD JESUS carefully and be sure to read them in the light of the OLD COVENANT prophecy.  It is amazing to see how one part of HOLY SCRIPTURES fits into another part when studied thus and rejoice in the accuracy of the WRITTEN WORD.


Sha'alu (Pray) for the Shalom (Peace) of Jerusalem and all of Israel!
Redeem Israel, O ELOHIYM, out of all their troubles!
Walk joyously in the light and warmth of ALMIGHTY GOD’S love.  May the HOLY ONE fill you with peace and happiness as you diligently serve HIM. Praised be the LORD to WHOM all praise is due forever and ever!
Omer Day 8   


Praying for the peace of Jerusalem, is praying for the return of our Messiah and Lord and for the Kingdom of God He is bringing when He comes.  Then God's Will shall be done on earth as it is in Heaven and the world will experience true godly universal peace which is the fruit of Righteousness.



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